MIDI and DAW Terms¶
MIDI changed music.
Consider what a classically trained Musician needs to do, to make his music heard.
He needs to,
Get a bunch of musicians
Record the Final Cut in a Studio
Write it. Save it, with a Software
Get the electronic instruments to play it for him -or- Get a computer Software to play it for him
Record the Final Cut in Software or a Studio
MIDI is - Musical Instrument Digital Interface.
It abstracts Music Notation into bytes. Since its bytes, you can replay it with software.
MIDI made production,
Made Producers more efficient
How about Audio Quality ?
A Classical Ensemble still has its place. Panning is unique there.
But MIDI + Electronic Instrument increased the Range. It helped form whole new genres in Music like EDM, IDM, SynthPunk …
MIDI is limited to 16 instruments.
16 is a big number.
OSC overcomes these.
To use MIDI you need,
This generates MIDI messages like,
Command param1 param2 param3 Command param1 param2 Command param1 param2 param3 Command param1 param2 ...
Important messages are,
Note On => Channel [1-16]**, Pitch[0-127], Volume[0-127]
Note Off “
Controller => No [0-127], Value[0-127]
** Channel 10 is reserved for Drums.
Note On and Note Off are typically sent by keys, buttons. Controller Messages are typically sent by knobs and pedals.
This accepts MIDI data. It Maps channels to DSP. It Maps knobs** to effects like distortion and reverb.
** The positions of the knob are called patches.
This accepts MIDI data. It Maps channels to sound recordings. It Maps knobs to effects like distortion and reverb.
If you buy Music Hardware you have both 1 and 2. The sequencing capabilities are limited in a synth, so you can’t Edit MIDI data in the instrument.
You can buy hardware and get a Synthesizer + a limited Sequencer.
You can buy A Sequencer and use a Computer as a Synthesizer
Use a Software Sequencer to Program your Synthesizer
Forget Hardware and go complete nuts with Software
Instruments used in Electronic Music
Instruments commonly used in Disco, Synth Wave and Funk
Rock Pedals used in
Delay (slow rock)
synthesizer (DSP, FM, AM, AS, SS, PM)